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Pros And Cons Of Electronic Cigarette

Electronic Cigarette or E cigarette is an alternative for people who Cant quit Smoke and looking for an healthy alternative of traditional cigarettes. E cigarette is basically a battery powered device which Vaporize nicotine present in them without producing any toxic smoke. A smoker using Electronic cigarette basically Inhale the nicotine vapors without any toxic smoke. In This article I am going to discuss some Pros and cons of an electronic cigarette.

Pros of Electronic Cigarette :-

It doesnt produce any smoke So You can use it at any place. Also your family and people are you are saved from toxic smoke which is also known as passive smoking.

It is cheaper as compared to Traditional cigarettes especially after the initial purchase. You can save up to 40% in electronic cigarette after using it for 1 year

It is good for your health because it does not contain any tobacco.

You are inhaling Nicotine minus all toxic poisonous gases.

Since it is Battery Operated you dont need to carry any matches or lighters with you

A cartridge of electronic cigarettes is equal to 40 cigarette butts so you dont need to carry that much weight while you are traveling.

No Foul Smell Come from your mouth when you are using Electronic Cigarette.

It comes in lot of flavors like lemon , Hilton, Banana ,Rose giving a lot of options to select from .

Cons of an Electronic Cigarette: –

The initial investment which a person has to make for an electronic cigarette kit is pretty high.

Electronic Cigarette is still not approved by FDA( US Food and Drug Administration)

Electronic Cigarette is banned in lot of countries. Few of them are Thailand, Singapore, Finland and Jordan

When you compare the pros and cons, the pros of an electronic cigarette are much more than cons of an electronic cigarette .The Current market of Electronic cigarette is around $50 million and increasing at very high rate.

Electronic Cigarette Planet is the leading Online Retailer of E cigarette worldwide. Please Visit our Electronic Cigarette Planet Website for more details on e cigarettes.

Importance of Drug Knowledge for the Manufacturers

An important part of drug studies, clinical research involves in testing new medicines, devices and surgical techniques on human volunteers. Bioavailability and Bioequivalence (BA BE) Studies in clinical research involve comparing the formulation of different drugs from different manufacturers or comparing the same drug prepared in different batches by the same manufacturer.

All drugs will have an active ingredient that does the main work of the medication. Bioavailability is a term that defines the extent to which this active ingredient is absorbed in the blood. The absorbed active ingredient should then be transported to the active site where it reacts to provide the right results. The level of absorption will determine the extent of the efficacy of the drug. BA or Bioavailability studies track and measure the amount of active ingredient absorbed in the blood. Based on these statistics for clinical research methodologies are then followed to determine the effects of the drug on the human

The bioavailability studies of two drugs of almost similar formulations are studied to compare the effect and absorbency of their active ingredients. If the absorbance and therapeutic effect of two different drugs are similar, then they are said to be bioequivalent. Such drugs can be used interchangeably. For two drugs to be bioequivalent, they should pass various criteria. Their basic formulations should be similar, and the rate of absorbance should also be close. The dosage levels of the two drugs should be same and they should take relatively the same amount of time to reach the target site.

So, what are the benefits of doing BA/BE studies? First, they help us understand and determine if the active ingredient has any beneficial effect on the body. Secondly, if a drug manufacturer comes up with a different version of a medication that has an active ingredient that has already undergone a BA/BE clinical research studies, then they can just market that drug with minimum testing. The statistics obtained from its bioequivalent will prove to be good enough for satisfying the regulations. All drug manufacturers should do the BA/BE studies of the drugs they produce before it is introduced in the market.

This study is meant only for generic drugs and not specialized medicines. This clinical research study doesn’t have many phases and also involves just a small number of healthy volunteers. Moreover, the research is concentrated only on the active site, which means the studies can be done quickly and easily.


A Superior Battery For All Your Electronics Needs Is Duracell Procell

Batteries have been around since the 1800s, and since then they have become ubiquitous in virtually every household. Creating electrical energy from a chemical reaction inside the battery cell is done by utilizing electrochemical cells. A primary or secondary battery are the different kinds of batteries in which the first being disposable and the secondary being rechargeable. Rechargeable is precisely what the name suggests, they are able to be recharged and used again until they need to be replaced while the other type of battery is used once and then disposed of hence the use of the word disposable.

There are a few battery manufacturers in the United States currently. Of these, one is Duracell, who has rather recently come forth with their Procell battery line. Side by side, its tough to see the difference between Duracell Coppertop batteries and Duracell Procell batteries. The nominal voltage, weight, volume along with other specifications are all the same.

One of the main differences between Duracells regular Coppertop battery and the Duracell Procell batteries is the totally different target consumer for these lines. While the Coppertop line is created for the average consumer, Procell batteries are designed and marketed specifically for industrial and professional use.

The Procell battery is more acceptable for a more professional environment even though a side-by-side comparison between the Coppertop and Procell lines are hardly apparent. In the industrial and professional setting, battery life is much more important because of the high demand and necessary functions they are relied upon for. Because of this vital need, Duracell created the Procell battery line to ensure reliability. Developing a more dependable product that would be more durable was accomplished through Duracell’s rigorous process of testing. Considering an environment like hospitals or other medical setting, guaranteeing life sustaining equipment function is critical for patient care.

The result of such extensive and rigorous testing is that Duracell is able to provide a long lasting battery. They have come up with a very thorough analysis that details regular battery usage. To create the best battery, these tests have provided Durcell with important information in regards to how they can make their batteries far better. While Procell batteries are given a somewhat higher charge, that is also an indicator of the difference of the Coppertop and Procell batteries A standard 9 volt Duracell battery is given a 9 volt charge, while a 9 volt Procell battery has a 9.5 volt charge.

Typically, consumers will be unable to locate the Procell batteries in stores because they are for a more industrial type use. To be able to purchase Procell batteries, you must search online or order them through a supplier and you will likely need to purchase them in bulk with the minimum purchase volume differing depending on the supplier. In addition to being more difficult to find, Procell batteries can be more expensive than regular consumer batteries, but they are also more reliable and have a longer life than consumer grade batteries.

It might be worth considering buying the Durcell Procell batteries if you are looking for batteries. Many reviewers rave about their longevity and dependability versus regular consumer batteries. People can use them for their CD players until finally they cant work anymore, then transfer them to hand-held game consoles until they dont work for those, then to their television remote’s, all while lasting longer than the regular batteries they can purchase at the store. Worth looking into, Procell batteries can be used in so many everyday electronic while offering you a longer life cycle as well.

Flybarless Rotor Heads – The Ins And Outs

What was the flybar for anyway? The flybar performs three basic functions stabilization, amplificationof cyclic input, and resistance to pitch up in forward flight.

Stabilization: While hovering a wind gust may try and move (tilt) the main rotor. The flybar will be differently (less) affected, and the linkage system will adjust the pitch on the blades to resist the change.
Amplification of cyclic input: When the swashplate tilts and moves the flybar, aerodynamic forcesimposed by the flybar paddles change the spinning plane of the flybar, and again through a series oflinkages this then changes the pitch on the main rotor blades. This means the servos work less hard toachieve a cyclic input.
Resistance to pitch up in forward flight: In fast forward flight the blade advancing into the airflowcreates more lift than the blade retreating in the airflow. This causes a pitch up motion of the helicopter.The flybar again tries keeping in its own plane of rotation, and through the linkage system adjusts thepitch on the main blades to resist this change.

So the electronic components of the system take over these tasks from the flybarSo why ditch the flybar and change to a flybarless head setup?Flybarless helicopters have arguably better all round aerobatic performance. But they are also great forscale models, aerial photography platforms, etc
Advantages include:

Less rotating mass
Lower drag
Combination of longer flight time and better 3D performance
Less mechanical complexity
Infinitely tunable flight characteristics, including improved stability if desired
Looks cool!

What is required:

The Flybarless Head Itself It is ideal to purchase a custom designed flybarless head for your size of helicopter rather than try and modify an existing setup. There are several reasons for this:

The geometry of the head is important
You are purchasing a product that is known to work

Flybarless Electronics You require a system to take over the role of the flybar. There are two and three axis units on the market. For general flying a two axis unit (meaning you still require your own tail gyro) works very well. For 3D flying there are advantages of three axis units, however the two axis ones still hold their own.A two axis unit essentially contains two heading hold gyros (left/right and fore/aft cyclic). A three axis unit adds a tail rotor gyro also. Much like the way a traditional tail rotor heading hold gyro works, the cyclic gyros have the ability to stabilize the rotor head from wind gusts, etc.It is possible to fly a flybarless helicopter without electronic stabilization. However, the task is much easier with the help of an electronics package. You would not fly your helicopter without a tail gyro, would you?
Servo Selection Fast digital servos are preferable. But again, depending on your flying style,any reasonable servo will allow you to experience the flybarless feel.

In Flight: Flybarless helis can be set up to behave in an almost unlimited number of ways. With a flybar,it was time consuming (and expensive) to try a variety of flybar lengths, different paddles, and flybarweights. With the electronic flybar it is simply a matter of changing some of the programmableparameters in the unit itself and you have a whole new feel to the helicopter.There are some further flight differences with a flybarless heli. The cyclic controls now command acyclic rate from the rotor head. So if the helicopter is on the ground and even a small cyclic command isheld, the cyclic servos may move hard over to try and achieve the commanded cyclic rate. So it isimportant not to add cyclic control until the helicopter has lifted off.Autorotation performance is overall improved, but somewhat of a different technique is required torealize this increase in performance.

How E-administration Can Facilitate Fluent Communication With The Public

Typically, electronic administration, or e-administration, refers to the incorporation of ICT in public administrations from two perspectives: intra-office and inter-office. The first encompasses a transformation of the traditional office as paper processes are converted into electronic processes, while the second refers to the external relations of a company, in which the new electronic communications are applied to business/citizen relationships. As such, the main goal of e-administration is to improve public services and democratic processes to aid compliance with public policies.

e-Administration as a new tool undoubtedly has great potential to increase productivity, as it simplifies the daily processes of any organization. In fact, when ICTs are correctly applied to deliver public services and to interact with citizens and businesses, they can be a basic tool in improving overall productivity and efficiency of public administrations. An advanced electronic administration mechanism combined with public services that exploit the advantages of ICTs are both elemental aspects to improve overall productivity and help to overcome the economic crisis.

Optimization of resources
Once e-administration has been implemented in most Western countries, the basic objective to be achieved is the maximum use of the established services, without sacrificing, adapting or modifying rate-based technology that helps society advance.

In this manner, public administrations have obviously made great efforts in the last decade to communicate more effectively and fluidly with the general public. Document software providers have also made their contribution in this area, by focusing on innovation and turning e-administration into a reality.

Citizens and businesses need to be fully aware of these new services to obtain effective results. As such, the EU states in its Digital Agenda for Europe: that “Europe will only benefit from this digital revolution if all EU citizens are mobilized and can fully participate in the new digital society.” The political areas and distribution factors defined in this report constitute an overall political framework of ICTs for the EU over a period of five years, from 2010 to 2015. The framework focuses on the individual as a citizen and as a consumer. This means that all people should be taught the required skills and offered total access to high speed internet connection.

The EU report aims to provide guidance and inspiration to the global EU eGovernment Action Plan 2011-2015, to mobilize EU tools, such as funding, non-binding judicial tools, and, where appropriate, specific legislation. One of the goals of this Action Plan is that at least 50% of Europeans will be using e-administration at the end of 2015, and 25% of them will be sending forms electronically to public administrations. Logically, an unavoidable requirement for this new phase is that maximum returns must be obtained from the resources used.

Technology trends

It is possible to obtain solid results quickly, but this calls for action on a number of fronts, to remove all barriers and to encourage achievement of the objectives set. These actions should take into account the following guidelines:

– Put the citizen in the center. This means that administrative processes should be redefined to really involve the public. In this regard, the e-administration tool should be easy to use, its interface should be optimized and the corresponding formalities should be simplified.

– Encourage the use of digital services by public administrations. Generally, public administrations offer much more digital services and tools than they use themselves in their internal processes.

In this sense, we should learn from the success stories in the private sector, especially of financial institutions, which have turned a lot of their processes into automatic, digital processes.

– Focus on efficient ICT processes in public administrations. Experiences of other public and private institutions show that there is still a long way to go when it comes to improving management of ICTs within administrations to increase their efficiency.

– Focus on implementing ICTs in basic public services. ICTs can play an important role in improving key services and procedures such as Justice, Health Care, Social Services, Education, revenue management, etc.

In short, further development of e-administration tools is unstoppable, but the desired benefits will only be obtained if both citizens and businesses use these services effectively and efficiently. Citizens will save time and money in their communications with administrations, while public organizations will be able to dedicate more resources to other important tasks.

Resources:Digital Agenda for Europa:

South Africa Releases Fresh Work Permit Quota’s

The Department of Home Affairs in South Africa that issues work permits, business permits, spousal and life partner permits, relatives permits and retired permits has just announced a new permit quota list.

This is designed to reflect the skills requirements that may be filled by immigrants desiring to relocate in South Africa.

Business permit allocation

South Africa has long realised the charge to safeguard that industry and commerce has a connection to the required skills in demand, more than ever with the extensive investment taking place for the 2010 world cup.

While South Africa has a first class education system and developed labor force, it is recognised that in a few avocations there is a talent shortage. To aid the migration process under the business permit category Home Affairs regularly reviews what qualifications are in short supply and publishes a quota work permit list. This requirements document allows immigrants to apply for a quota work permit which means the potential immigrant can consider a work permit before receiving an offer of employment, in essence simplifying the overall immigration application process.

Which talent are in demand?

After much deliberation between the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) and feedback from the major South African companies, Home Affairs published the most up to date directory of limited occupations this year. Potential immigrants seeking employment in these occupations can apply for permits enabling them to reside and work in South Africa.

Considering the reality of economic growth in South Africa Home Affairs prioritises technical and engineering professions. In fact any Industrial engineer qualifies automatically, but it remains well worth a look at the employees in demand in some detail.

Due to public and private investments in core projects foreigners with a background in the construction industry are most sought after. Included in the quota jobs are Civil engineering technicians, CAD technicians, Draftsperson, Structural Engineers, Civil Engineers and technologists. In the manufacturing industries Home Affairs offers quotas for occupations such as Mechanical Engineers, Quality Engineers and Inspectors, Pipeline Engineers, Refrigeration Engineer, Manufacturing Technicians, Mechanical Draughtsperson and Technicians, Hydraulics and Pneumatics Technicians. In the aviation industry immigrants with backgrounds such as Aeronautical Engineers, Avionics Engineers and Aircraft Maintenance Engineers are invited to apply for the quota work permit. In the electronics sector, South Africa requires employees that are experienced as Electrical and Mechatronics Technicians, Electronic Engineers, Electronics Technicians, Autotronics and Electromechanical Technicians. Recently Home Affairs also included some craftsman that can apply for immigration such as precision metal workers, fitters and turners, toolmakers, boilermakers, coded welders and millwrights.

In other areas Home Affairs has recognised the importance of BPO for economic stability and has included Call Centre and Contact Centre Managers under the quota system. In the information and organisation professionals notably jobs for actuaries, risk assessors, statisticians, and economists are accessible for quota professions.

The mining sector is of value to the South African economy. This is reflected by the fact that Home Affairs offers immigrants in the professions Earth Science Technicians, Mining Engineering, Geologists and Geophysicists the ability to get residence and work permits.

Other industrial professionals covered are agriculture and forestry, biotechnology, pharmacology, astronomy, the chemical industry and food technology. Finally South Africa appears to be suffering from a skills shortage in Jewellery Makers and Maths and Science Teachers.

It is important to note that Home Affairs will investigate if the proposed immigrant has the right skills as well as five years of relevant work experience before granting the quota work permit for South Africa.

Jiwesh Nandan, Principal Secretary, Information Technology & Electronics, Mining & Additional Sourc

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Elets – A platform for disseminating creative ideas on ICT

Elets Technomedia is a technology media and research company that focuses on ICT in government, education, healthcare, agriculture and rural development sectors. Our mandate is to provide effective information on latest development in different ICT tools, techniques and their applications across our verticals through premier print publications, online portals and premier events, seminars, conferences and summits. Elets has created a name for itself as a technology media and research vendor of choice.


To strengthen and facilitate knowledge sharing platforms engaging with partners across the globe through International conferences to provide cross-cultural grounding to stakeholders and participants To provide stakeholders with a platform to share models of best practice, knowledge and experience on a range of issues in the domain of ICT in Governance, Education, Health, security, Urban and Rural Development To mobilise the communities towards creating a digitally informed knowledge society based on shared understanding

Elets Focus Areas

Elets provides an unmatched versatility for working with multiple partners and consultants to mutually share knowledge. With a vision to provide effective information on latest development in different ICT tools, techniques and their applications across various verticals with focused reference to governance, education and health, we

a) bring niche monthly publications;

b) provide knowledge exchange fora and

c) conduct research projects, primarily through Events & Conferences.

Electronics for Marine Navigation

Navigating on the open water away from land has always been challenging and very exciting. Boating can be a very rewarding experience provided your vessel is equipped with the required tools to ensure your safety. Good quality marine navigation electronic equipment on board aids easier, faster and safer navigation.

It is recommended to make sure that, the boat is equipped with certain marine electronics. The minimum requirement for safety is to at least have a VHF Marine Radio and a compass before leaving the shore. Other desirable electronics include a GPS plotter, fish finder or depth sounder,radar, and auto pilot. Other more sophisticated but nice to have items include an Automatic Identification System and a networked navigation system

Marine navigation electronics equipment operation and uses are discussed below:

Auto Pilot: It is a highly recommended tool for mariners set to go on a long voyage. Auto Pilot helps to steer the boat automatically and thus, relieves the person at the helm from fatigue. Auto Pilot is of great aid for those that troll while fishing as it controls the boat direction automatically, allowing the captain to join and enjoy the fishing. This tool is very helpful, as it allows to save fuel by maintaining the vessel on a steady heading.

Fish finder: Those who fish for pleasure or hire enjoy the help provided by a good fish finder. The fish finder uses SONAR for its operation. In general, the sonar operates by transmittig a signal down trough the water column until it hits an object with mass, sufficent to return a signal to the device, thus drawing an image on the screen. Thereby, showing the depth of the fish in relation to bottom structure. If a fish finder is not desired or needed then a depth sounder with a digital readout is ample and less expensive.

Automatic Identification System: It is considered an important electronic tool for marine navigation. It provides other boats with your vital information as well as their information to you such as the exact position of the boat, longitude and latitude, Time stamp, Rate of turn, Course over ground etc. While the boat under way AIS shows the above information every 2 to 10 seconds, whereas when the boat is anchored, it shows the information after every 3 minutes. Apart from providing the above-mentioned information, it also provides information about other boats or ships concerning their dimension, location, and type of the boat or ship. It is the best electronic tool for collision avoidance.

EPIRB: The Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB) also known as distress radio beacon is a transmitter, which helps rescue services to locate boats in distress. The transmissions are rebroadcast from satellites around the world to the various rescue services. Watercraft operators wishing to have an EPIRB must now use a digital 406MHz unit. The International Copas-Sarsat Satellite System stopped monitoring for all but 406MHz signals for distress alert and position data for rescue operation throughout the world..

GPS Plotter: The GPS system now takes over the duty of the old Loran navigation system. GPS signals are broadcast from those satellites worldwide, that are maintained by the USA . GPS can be read in digital or map format. The preferred method is on a plotter that is loaded with digital maps of the area you are boating in. Most new VHF radios now have the capability to broadcast your location with a distress signal if connected to a GPS

Sentrysafe G1459e 14-gun Electronic Lock Safe

Product Details

The SentrySafe G1459E 14-Gun Electronic Lock Safe is a very secured safe that’s capable of safe keeping 14 guns. The product has advanced safety measures as we all put important and valuable things inside a safe. To begin with, it has a strong steel door that’s completely pry-tolerant and carries hidden hinges. This ensures complete protection against any form of theft. Aside from the drill resistant steel plate, it also has three steel live locking bolts and 3 dead bolts. Furthermore, it also comes with a LED lock for access. With all these security measures, this model meets the firearm security device requirements of the California Department of Justice.

The inside part of the G1459E is carpeted so as it could give a secure and soft rest to its contents. Additionally, the product would seem to be more high-end and elegant because of the vibrant chrome and satin color combination. Users never whine about the space too. You can organize and stack neatly the accessories and ammunitions you place in the safe as it has fixed shelves. SentrySafe G1459E 14-Gun Electronic Lock Safe interior dimensions are 58.8″ H by 20.8″ W by 12.9″ D. The battery power weighs 182 pounds.

Technical Highlights

.Durable safe with 14 gun capacity
.Pry-resistant metallic door (with hidden hinges)
.Three dead bolts and 3 steel live securing bolts
.Digital LED lock for access
.Carpeted interiors and permanent shelves for neat and tidy storage
.Battery powered and weighs in at 182 pounds

SentrySafe G1459E Review

Individuals who buy SentrySafe G1459E 14-Gun Electronic Lock were all pleased about the product’s overall performance. To start with, it offers outstanding storage space. Buyers who have several guns have found nothing to complain about. Nevertheless, some owners use to safe keep jewellery pieces and other significant items too and the only thing they had mentioned is that it will actually work for those stuff if the device has additional compartments. The producers haven’t provided extra compartments as the safe was originally created to keep guns and large spaces are necessary.

There’s enough space for you to add in your very own wooden shelf if you’re keen on your Do-it-yourself. The safety this safe is capable of providing is its main advantage. It will be very easy to change/program your codes, the door opens easily, it has features that can help little ones and robbers stay away from it and you will have fast access to your weapons.

You have to bear in mind that if you are getting the product shipped, it is best if someone is there to assist in unloading, since the package is quite heavy. To sum up, the product is safe, trustworthy and resilient and makes an excellent buy.

Electronics and Stress from Electromagnetic Fields

As I was preparing to write my article about electromagnetic fields and the effects that it has on us in our everyday lives. I realized that everyone is exposed to emfs in their daily lives, unless they live in a very remote area and are only surrounded by nature. We are literally surrounded by electromagnetic fields from the power lines that bring electric to our homes and work places, to our vehicles, phones,
electronic toys and computers and for some people their medical equipment. We cannot escape it, unless we choose to live in a remote area.

While researching the effects of electromagnetic fields, the information that I found was backed up by many studies. One of the studies comes from the National Institute For Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). In some work places or in areas where there is the presence of power lines, electromagnetic field exposure can be 10,000 times greater than the average. Studies have determined that there are correlations between various diseases and living near high voltage power lines or working and living where such EMFs are present. In some studies where people have been exposed to average and above average exposure to electromagnetic fields the following diseases have been associated, childhood leukemia, adult leukemia, clinical depression, miscarriage, neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrohic lateral sclerosis.

As we continue to increase our use of technology there have been concerns about the effects it has on the human biofield and a persons general health. A strong biofield can help nourish and support bodily functions, as well as help individuals deal with stress. With our body rhythms being bombarded by manmade unnatural electromagnet fields, our bodies natural healing and coping mechanisms can be compromised. According to the US National Institute of Health (NIH) the biofield is an ensemble or matrix of different energies that extend outward from each persons body.

Clarus Transphase Scientific, Inc. has developed products that help to provide the body with a range of electronic frequencies that help support and optimize its own energies, thereby helping the individual achieve higher states of well-being and performance in a variety of ways. The positive effects are more energy, less stress, greater focus , more stamina and improved well-being. Q-Link SRT products range from pendants, bracelets and USB products.

I have been wearing a QLink SRT-3 pendant for one and a half years and have consistently experienced these effects and more. My family all wear the QLink pendants and we are grateful for the benefits that we have received. The benefit I especially am grateful for is less stress. I am a person who does not like change and there is so much going on from weather, world issues , finances and everyday life challenges. The other benefits are more energy, greater focus, more stamina and improved well-being. In the past when I was very stressed and overwhelmed it was extremely difficult for me to function and get things accomplished. The reason that I write about this product is that it is an invaluable tool that can help people with stress relief and achieving greater balance in their lives without the use of medications, which come with expense and negative side effects.